Three Commonest Types of Headache
1. Tension type headache
Tension headache, also known as tension-type headache, is the most common type of primary headache. Recent international studies have shown the average prevalence as 36% for men and 42% for women (cf migraine: 6% for men and 18% for women). This means that about 7 million Australians are likely to have tension-type headaches. The pain can radiate from the lower back of the head, the neck, eyes, or other muscle groups in the body typically affecting both sides of the head. Recent international studies have shown the average prevalence as 36% for men and 42% for women (cf migraine: 6% for men and 18% for women). A recent WHO report states that ‘onset is often in teenage years and prevalence peaks in fourth decade then declines’ and ‘60% of those with tension-type headache experience reductions in social activities and work capacity’.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from two to 72 hours. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. Migraine headache is a result of specific changes within the brain. Some experts refer to migraine a neurological disease, while others prefer to call it a neurological condition or disorder.
3. Cervicogenic Headache
Cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache, which means that it is caused by another illness or physical issue. Cervico-‘ means neck, and ‘-genic’ means origin. In the case of cervicogenic headache, the cause is a disorder of the cervical spine such as disc degeneration or prolapse, or facet joint arthritis.